Analogies are a useful teaching tool in sociology for a number of reasons:
For these reasons analogies can be used as both collaborative classroom exercises and for flipped teaching (students prepare their work outside the classroom and enter the classroom prepared to discuss their understanding).
If you need to develop a basic understanding of different types of society (pre-modern, modern and post/late modern) use the familiar device of different types of shop / shopping. Ask your students to think about the features that characterise the different types of shopping:
For example, a mall is much larger than a corner shop, it has more choice and involves different types of relationship between customer and staff.
Once they’ve discovered various differences you can then use this knowledge to specifically firm-up their understanding of different types of society and use this as the starting-point for further exploration / understanding.