To complement the free chapter on addictive behaviour you can give your students a taste of addictive behaviour with this simple – and harmless – simulation.
This was originally created by Todd Campbell (Texas A & M University) and the instructions here are filtered through the work of Linda Walsh (University of Northern Iowa)
The basic purpose of the simulation is to give students a personal insight into addictive behaviour through the experience of being “addicted”.
You can run the sim over whatever period you like, but 48-hours is a suggested minimum because this will include class time, time at home and time spent socialising. This gives a good spread of situations and encounters that need to be managed.
Inform the students they have developed an addiction to a new designer drug: “EySKuBe” – known as “Ice” on The Street (possibly because it’s actually just frozen water). Where they once used to just dabble in the softer types of water they now need the harder stuff.
The simulation involves following these rules:
1. To satisfy their addiction they must put EySKube (ice cubes, just to be very, very, clear) in every single liquid they drink during the 48-hours. There is no drinking without EySKuBe (as the advertising slogan might say. If it were legal. Which it isn’t). They cannot drink anything without adding EySKuBe
As an additional complication (and possible talking point at parties…) you can ramp the simulation up a notch by the requirement that their EySKuBe must be tinted – they can only consume a drink that contains say, red, blue or green EySKuBe. This is because with a real illegal addiction the drug wouldn’t be available everywhere – you’d have to either find a dealer or make your own Luckily you’ve probably already set-up your own home-brew lab (sometimes called a refrigerator). It should be relatively easy to hide the fact you’re making plain ‘SKuBe from inquisitive eyes, but it will be more difficult to hide tinted ‘SKuBe.
If any non-addict discovers or questions you about what you’re doing, you’re busted. Your addiction is revealed and your immediate future is either rehab or jail…
2. You cannot let non-addicts see you taking EySKuBe. If you are challenged about your behaviour you’re busted (rehab or jail…).
3. To feed your addiction you must consume at least one EySKuBe every hour. If you fail to do this you’re busted (rehab or jail…). Feeding your addiction without exposing yourself as an addict means you will need to carefully plan how to manage your addiction throughout the day. If any non-addict sees you consuming ice or questions you about what you’re consuming you’re busted.
4. Each addicted student starts the simulation with 25 Pretend Pounds (P£25). Each cube costs P£5 each so if you need to buy cubes of ice this is the minimum a dealer will charge. They may, however, charge you more if they think you’re desperate. If you run-out of P£ dealers will not sell you any more EySKuBe. In relation to dealers you can run the sim in one of two ways:
a. Each student in the simulation can be a dealer as well as a user
b. A certain percentage of the class are designated as “dealers” – you can only buy EySKuBe from them.
Any EySKuBe dealing must be discreet. If any non-addict sees or questions what you’re doing you’re both busted.
5. You must not talk to anyone outside of the EySKuBe culture (the class) about your situation for the 48 hours. Also keep in mind your teacher is not an addict. You cannot reveal your addiction to them. The only people who know about your addiction are other EySKuBe addicts or dealers. If a non-addict questions you about your behaviour (such as you leaving the room to secretly get your fix) you must not reveal the truth. Deception is part of the sim and if they see or suspect you are doing something illegal you’re busted.
Being busted doesn’t end the sim. Just start over but record the fact you were caught in your log (see below).
6. An hourly log should be kept every waking hour during the simulation. You should record:
When do you expect to get your next dose of EySKuBe?
How will you obtain the EySKuBe you need?
Any difficulties, feelings, reactions you are experiencing.
Anything you think may be relevant to the sim.
The log simulates the obsession, involvement and regular attention common to many addictions. Preoccupation with the abused substance can seep into every waking hour. You may not be experiencing the intense withdrawal symptoms of addicts but keeping a log forces you to think about your drug every waking hour of the day.
7. This is a simulation. You must not do anything illegal or morally wrong to fulfil its requirements. If the simulation gets, for any reason, too intense, you may terminate it (go into rehab). If you choose to do this write-up in your log the reasons for stopping your participation.
8. At the end of the simulation turn-in your log to your teacher, plus a write-up of your experiences and your reaction to the simulation. For example, you might want to consider:
In what ways, if any, did your experiences / behaviour seem like those of an addict?
If you ran out of money or couldn’t make / consume your hourly craving what would you have done to ensure you got your fix?
How many times, if any, were you busted during the sim? If you were repeatedly busted what might have been the consequences “in real life”?
How did you like having to alter many of your daily activities to accommodate your addition?
What was the hardest part of the simulation?
Given that real psychoactive substances could not be used, are there other things that would make the simulation more realistic and effective?